As transportation technology evolved, so did braking and clutching systems. The first mechanical brakes appeared in the late 1800s, and were operated by a lever or pedal that applied pressure to a drum or disc to slow down or stop the vehicle. The first hydraulic brakes were introduced in the early 1900s, allowing for more precise control and better stopping power.
Clutch systems also evolved alongside brakes, with the first mechanical clutches appearing in the early 1900s. These early clutches were operated by a pedal that disengaged the transmission from the engine, allowing the driver to shift gears. Later, hydraulic and electro-magnetic clutches were developed, which provided even greater precision and control.